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Thermomechanical investigation of the cortical bone analogue in third-generation Sawbones femurs

Bell, Cameron G., Weinrauch, Patrick C., Crawford, Ross W., & Pearcy, Mark J. (2007) Thermomechanical investigation of the cortical bone analogue in third-generation Sawbones femurs. Proceedings of the I MECH E Part H Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 221(2), pp. 213-217.

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Abstract

The mechanical properties of the short glass fibre reinforced (SGFR) epoxy resin used as the cortical bone analogue in the third-generation Sawbones femurs were investigated for use within orthopaedic benchtop tests. Tensile and four-point bending tests were used to assess the material properties of the SGFR epoxy at both room (22° C) and body temperatures (37° C). The 20 standardized specimens used for the materials testing were machined from third-generation Sawbones femurs. The flexural properties of the specimens were determined using ASTM D6272-02 and the tensile properties were obtained using ASTM D638-02.

The mean (and standard deviation, or SD) values of the modulus of elasticity in four-point bending for room and body temperature specimens of 7.8 (0.64) GPa and 2.8 (0.66) GPa respectively were significantly different (P<0.001). The mean (and SD) values of the modulus of elasticity in tension for the room and body temperature specimens of 9.4 (0.8) GPa and 5.4 (1.3) GPa respectively were also significantly different (P=0.02).

The modulus of elasticity of SGFR epoxy is highly temperature dependent. A reduction in the modulus of elasticity of up to 63 per cent was observed when increasing the temperature of the specimens from room to body temperature. SGFR epoxy Sawbones do not accurately represent the material properties of bone at body temperature.

Impact and interest:

3 citations in Scopus
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3 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 8256
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal's website (see hypertext link) or contact the author. Author contact details: m.pearcy@qut.edu.au
Keywords: Sawbones, experimental, material properties, orthopaedic testing
DOI: 10.1243/09544119JEIM191
ISSN: 0954-4119
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (090300) > Biomechanical Engineering (090302)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 Professional Engineering Publishing
Deposited On: 26 Jun 2007
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:35

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