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Malnutrition determined by the patient-generated subjective global assessment is associated with poor outcomes in acute stroke patients

Martineau, Judy, Bauer, Judith D., Isenring, Elisabeth A., & Cohen, Sarah (2005) Malnutrition determined by the patient-generated subjective global assessment is associated with poor outcomes in acute stroke patients. Clinical Nutrition, 24(6), pp. 1073-1077.

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Abstract

Background and aims: The extent of malnutrition in hospitalised stroke patients and its influence on outcomes including hospital complications, length of stay and discharge destination are important issues. The aim of this study was to determine the nutritional status of patients admitted to an acute stoke unit and the association between nutritional status and health outcomes. Methods: Nutritional status was determined prospectively using the scored patient generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA) in patients (n=73) admitted to an acute stroke unit within 48 hours of admission to an Australian private hospital. Outcome date were collected by retrospective audit. Results: On admission, 19.2% of patients were malnourished and this was associated with a significantly greater PG-SGA score (15 vs 5; p= <0.001) and lower body weight (59.8kg vs 75.8kg; p= 0.004) compared to well nourished patients. In terms of health outcomes, malnourished patients had longer length of stay (13 vs 8 days; p= <0.001), increased complications (50% vs 14%; p= 0.003), increased frequency of dysphagia (71% vs 32%; p= 0.007) and enteral feeding (93% vs 59%; p= 0.017). No association was found between nutritional status and serum albumin level or discharge destination. Conclusions: Malnutrition on admission to hospital after acute stroke is associated with poor outcomes including increased length of stay and increased prevalence of dysphagia and complications. The scored PG-SGA is a nutrition assessment tool that allows quick identification of malnourished stroke patients.

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ID Code: 8299
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: malnutrition, stroke, outcomes, retrospective audit, nutrition status, scored PG, SGA
DOI: 10.1016/j.clnu.2005.08.010
ISSN: 0261-5614
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2005 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Deposited On: 28 Jun 2007
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:28

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