Optimal electricity distribution framework for public space: Assessing renewable energy proposals for Freshkills Park, New York City
Ozgun, Kaan, Weir, Ian, & Cushing, Debra (2015) Optimal electricity distribution framework for public space: Assessing renewable energy proposals for Freshkills Park, New York City. Sustainability, 7(4), pp. 3753-3773.
Integrating renewable energy into public space is becoming more common as a climate change solution. However, this approach is often guided by the environmental pillar of sustainability, with less focus on the economic and social pillars. The purpose of this paper is to examine this issue in the speculative renewable energy propositions for Freshkills Park in New York City submitted for the 2012 Land Art Generator Initiative (LAGI) competition. This paper first proposes an optimal electricity distribution (OED) framework in and around public spaces based on relevant ecology and energy theory (Odum’s fourth and fifth law of thermodynamics). This framework addresses social engagement related to public interaction, and economic engagement related to the estimated quantity of electricity produced, in conjunction with environmental engagement related to the embodied energy required to construct the renewable energy infrastructure. Next, the study uses the OED framework to analyse the top twenty-five projects submitted for the LAGI 2012 competition. The findings reveal an electricity distribution imbalance and suggest a lack of in-depth understanding about sustainable electricity distribution within public space design. The paper concludes with suggestions for future research.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||renewable energy distribution, public space, sustainability, LAGI, Freshkills Park, New York City, triple bottom line (TBL)|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > ARCHITECTURE (120100) > Landscape Architecture (120107)|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Design
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Creative Industries Faculty
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2015 the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.|
|Copyright Statement:||This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).|
|Deposited On:||08 Apr 2015 01:02|
|Last Modified:||11 Apr 2015 01:20|
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