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Artificial human vision

Dowling, Jason A. (2005) Artificial human vision. Expert Review of Medical Devices, 2(1), pp. 73-85.

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Abstract

Can vision be restored to the blind? As early as 1929 it was discovered that stimulating the visual cortex of an individual led to the perception of spots of light, known as phosphenes. The aim of artificial human vision systems is to attempt to utilize the perception of phosphenes to provide a useful substitute for normal vision. Currently, four locations for electrical stimulation are being investigated; behind the retina (subretinal), in front of the retina (epiretinal), the optic nerve and the visual cortex (using intra- and surface electrodes). This review discusses artificial human vision technology and requirements and reviews the current development projects.

Impact and interest:

39 citations in Scopus
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22 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 8306
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal’s website (see hypertext link) or contact the author. Author contact details: j.dowling@qut.edu.au
Additional URLs:
Keywords: artificial human vision, bionic eye, blind mobility, cortical stimulation, epiretinal stimulation, subretinal stimulation, visual prosthesis
DOI: 10.1586/17434440.2.1.73
ISSN: 1743-4440
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES (080000) > ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND IMAGE PROCESSING (080100) > Computer Vision (080104)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES (080000) > INFORMATION SYSTEMS (080600) > Computer-Human Interaction (080602)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (090300) > Rehabilitation Engineering (090305)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NEUROSCIENCES (110900) > Sensory Systems (110906)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2005 Future Drugs Ltd.
Deposited On: 28 Jun 2007
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2009 17:36

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