The prevalence and characteristics of paediatric driveway accidents in Queensland

Davey, Jeremy D., Dingle, Genevieve A., Clark, Michele J., Johnston, Trish C., Woods, Shelley D., White, Jill, & Freeman, James E. (2007) The prevalence and characteristics of paediatric driveway accidents in Queensland. The Journal of the Australasian College of Road Safety, 18(2), pp. 34-40.

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Objectives: This study was designed to investigate the incidence and characteristics of non-traffic child pedestrian accidents in Queensland to which the Queensland Ambulance Service (QAS) responded between January 1998 and December 2000. Method: Both quantitative and qualitative data from ambulance report forms were utilised in the analyses. Cases were selected on the basis of the child's age (up to 15 years) and the location of the incident (non-traffic areas). The main outcome measures were the child's Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score, respiratory rate and ambulance dispatch code (life-threatening or non life-threatening) recorded on arrival by the paramedics. Results: In total, 76 driveway incidents out of a total of 1105 paediatric accidents were identified over the three-year period. The incidents predominantly involved vehicles reversing at low speed out of driveways, often with a parent driving. Four-wheel drive (4WD) and heavy vehicles were over-represented in the statistics and were associated with more severe injuries to the child. Peak times for the incidents were afternoons and during holiday months, when children were more likely to be playing around non-traffic areas. The incidents were also more likely to involve males (57%) and 51% involved children under the age of four years. In regards to severity, one child was deceased and six were unconscious on arrival of the ambulance.
Conclusions: Non-traffic pedestrian accidents in Queensland remain a considerable risk for children under four years of age. A number of strategies may prove effective at reducing this risk, however greater driver awareness in non-traffic locations and the use of methods to enhance driver visibility when reversing may prove to be important factors in preventing these accidents.

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ID Code: 8333
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: J Davey and J Freeman from the Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety - Queensland, Queensland University of Technology.
G. A. Dingle, M. J. Clark, T. C. Johnston, S. D. Woods and J. White from the Australian Centre for Prehospital Research.
Additional URLs:
Keywords: paediatric, pedestrian, drive, way, injuries
ISSN: 1832-9497
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Preventive Medicine (111716)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > TRANSPORTATION AND FREIGHT SERVICES (150700) > Road Transportation and Freight Services (150703)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PAEDIATRICS AND REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE (111400) > Paediatrics (111403)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 Australasian College of Road Safety
Copyright Statement: : Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher
Deposited On: 06 Aug 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 21 Mar 2012 23:50

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