Implementation of individualised medication administration guides for patients with dysphagia: Results from a pilot controlled trial
Serrano Santos, Jose Manuel, Kelly, Jennifer, Wood, John, Holland, Richard, Sach, Tracy, & Wright, David J. (2012) Implementation of individualised medication administration guides for patients with dysphagia: Results from a pilot controlled trial. In Health Services Research & Pharmacy Practice Conference, 23-24 April 2012, University College Cork, Ireland.
Patients with dysphagia (PWDs) have been shown to be four times more likely to suffer medication administration errors (MAEs).1 2 Individualised medication administration guides (I-MAGs) which outline how each formulation should be administered, have been developed to standardise medication administration by nurses on the ward and reduce the likelihood of errors. This pilot study aimed to determine the recruitment rates, estimate effect on errors and develop the intervention to design a future full scale randomised controlled trial to determine the costs and effects of I-MAG implementation. Ethical approval was granted by local ethics committee.
Software was developed to enable I-MAG production (based on current best practice)3 4 for all PWDs on two care of the older person wards admitted during a six month period from January to July 2011. I-MAGs were attached to the medication administration record charts to be utilised by nurses when administering medicines. Staff training was provided for all staff on the intervention wards. Two care of the older person wards in the same hospital were used for control purposes. All patients with dysphagia were recruited for follow up purposes at discharge.
Four ward rounds at each intervention and control ward were observed pre and post I-MAG implementation to determine the level of medication administration errors. NHS ethical approval for the study was obtained.
164 I-MAGs were provided for 75 patients with dysphagia (PWDs) in the two intervention wards. At discharge, 23 patients in the intervention wards and 7 patients in the control wards were approached for recruitment of which 17 (74%) & 5 (71.5%) respectively consented.
Recruitment rates were low on discharge due to the dysphagia remitting during hospitalisation. The introduction of the I-MAG demonstrated no effect on the quality of administration on the intervention ward and interestingly practice improved on the control ward. The observation of medication rounds at least one month post I-MAG removal may have identified a reversal to normal practice and ideally observations should have been undertaken with I-MAGs in place. Identification of the reason for the improvement in the control ward is warranted.
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|Item Type:||Conference Item (Other)|
|Additional Information:||Special Issue: Abstracts of Papers Presented at the Health Services Research & Pharmacy Practice Conference, 23-24 April 2012, University College Cork, Ireland|
|Keywords:||dysphagia, medication, swallowing difficulties, medicines management, pharmacy|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Clinical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2012 International Journal of Pharmacy Practice|
|Deposited On:||01 Jun 2015 22:51|
|Last Modified:||01 Jun 2015 22:53|
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