Abatement of aqueous anionic contaminants by thermo-responsive nanocomposites: (Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide))-co-silylanized Magnesium/Aluminun layered double hydroxides

Chen, Hua, Qian, Guangren, Ruan, Xiuxiu, & Frost, Ray L. (2015) Abatement of aqueous anionic contaminants by thermo-responsive nanocomposites: (Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide))-co-silylanized Magnesium/Aluminun layered double hydroxides. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 448, pp. 65-72.

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Abstract

A series of novel thermo-responsive composite sorbents, were prepared by free-radical co-polymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAm) and the silylanized Mg/Al layered double hydroxides (SiLDHs), named as PNIPAm-co-SiLDHs. For keeping the high affinity of Mg/Al layered double hydroxides towards anions, the layered structure of LDHs was assumed to be reserved in PNIPAm-co-SiLDHs by the silanization of the wet LDH plates as evidenced by the X-ray powder diffraction. The sorption capacity of PNIPAm-co-SiLDH (13.5 mg/g) for Orange-II from water was found to be seven times higher than that of PNIPAm (2.0 mg/g), and the sorption capacities of arsenate onto PNIPAm-co-SiLDH are also greater than that onto PNIPAm, for both As(III) and As(V). These sorption results suggest that reserved LDH structure played a significant role in enhancing the sorption capacities. NO3− intercalated LDHs composite showed the stronger sorption capacity for Orange-II than that of CO32−. After sorption, the PNIPAm-co-SiLDH may be removed from water because of its gel-like nature, and may be easily regenerated contributing to the accelerated desorption of anionic contaminants from PNIPAm-co-SiLDHs by the unique phase-transfer feature through slightly heating (to 40 °C). These recyclable and regeneratable properties of thermo-responsive nanocomposites facilitate its potential application in the in-situ remediation of organic and inorganic anions from contaminated water.

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ID Code: 83752
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2015.02.004
ISSN: 0021-9797
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Deposited On: 27 Apr 2015 00:07
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2015 04:54

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