Regional versus urban differences in teenage alcohol use: Does parental disapproval account for these differences?

Chan, Gary C.K., Kelly, Adrian B., Connor, Jason P., Hall, Wayne, Young, Ross McD., Toumbourou, John W., & Williams, Joanne (2016) Regional versus urban differences in teenage alcohol use: Does parental disapproval account for these differences? Australian Journal of Rural Health, 24(1), pp. 3-8.

View at publisher


  • Objective

To investigate if parental disapproval of alcohol use accounts for differences in adolescent alcohol use across regional and urban communities.

  • Design

Secondary data analysis of grade-level stratified data from a random sample of schools.

  • Setting

High schools in Victoria, Australia.

  • Participants

A random sample of 10273 adolescents from Grade 7 (mean age=12.51 years), 9 (14.46 years) and 11 (16.42 years).

  • Main outcome measures

The key independent variables were parental disapproval of adolescent alcohol use and regionality (regional/ urban), and the dependent variable was past 30 days alcohol use.

  • Results

After adjusting for potential confounders, adolescents in regional areas were more likely to use alcohol in the past 30 days (OR=1.83, 1.44 and 1.37 for Grades 7, 9 and 11, respectively, P<0.05), and their parents have a lower level of disapproval of their alcohol use (b=-0.12, -0.15 and -0.19 for Grades 7, 9 and 11, respectively, P<0.001). Bootstrapping analyses suggested that 8.37%, 23.30% and 39.22% of the effect of regionality on adolescent alcohol use was mediated by parental disapproval of alcohol use for Grades 7, 9 and 11 participants respectively (P<0.05).

  • Conclusions

Adolescents in urban areas had a lower risk of alcohol use compared with their regional counterparts, and differences in parental disapproval of alcohol use contributed to this difference.

Impact and interest:

0 citations in Scopus
1 citations in Web of Science®
Search Google Scholar™

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

ID Code: 83845
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Adolescence, Adolescent, Alcohol, Parental disapproval, Regional, Urban
DOI: 10.1111/ajr.12177
ISSN: 1038-5282
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Health Counselling (111710)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 National Rural Health Alliance Inc
Deposited On: 04 May 2015 23:29
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2017 16:02

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page