Regional versus urban differences in teenage alcohol use: Does parental disapproval account for these differences?

Chan, Gary C.K., Kelly, Adrian B., Connor, Jason P., Hall, Wayne, Young, Ross McD., Toumbourou, John W., & Williams, Joanne (2016) Regional versus urban differences in teenage alcohol use: Does parental disapproval account for these differences? Australian Journal of Rural Health, 24(1), pp. 3-8.

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Abstract

  • Objective

To investigate if parental disapproval of alcohol use accounts for differences in adolescent alcohol use across regional and urban communities.

  • Design

Secondary data analysis of grade-level stratified data from a random sample of schools.

  • Setting

High schools in Victoria, Australia.

  • Participants

A random sample of 10273 adolescents from Grade 7 (mean age=12.51 years), 9 (14.46 years) and 11 (16.42 years).

  • Main outcome measures

The key independent variables were parental disapproval of adolescent alcohol use and regionality (regional/ urban), and the dependent variable was past 30 days alcohol use.

  • Results

After adjusting for potential confounders, adolescents in regional areas were more likely to use alcohol in the past 30 days (OR=1.83, 1.44 and 1.37 for Grades 7, 9 and 11, respectively, P<0.05), and their parents have a lower level of disapproval of their alcohol use (b=-0.12, -0.15 and -0.19 for Grades 7, 9 and 11, respectively, P<0.001). Bootstrapping analyses suggested that 8.37%, 23.30% and 39.22% of the effect of regionality on adolescent alcohol use was mediated by parental disapproval of alcohol use for Grades 7, 9 and 11 participants respectively (P<0.05).

  • Conclusions

Adolescents in urban areas had a lower risk of alcohol use compared with their regional counterparts, and differences in parental disapproval of alcohol use contributed to this difference.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 83845
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Adolescence, Adolescent, Alcohol, Parental disapproval, Regional, Urban
DOI: 10.1111/ajr.12177
ISSN: 1038-5282
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Health Counselling (111710)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Funding:
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 National Rural Health Alliance Inc
Deposited On: 04 May 2015 23:29
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2016 05:37

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