Performance evaluation of non-thermal plasma on particulate matter, ozone and CO2 correlation for diesel exhaust emission reduction

Babaie, Meisam, Davari, Pooya, Talebizadeh, Pouyan, Zare, Firuz, Rahimzadeh, Hassan, Ristovski, Zoran, & Brown, Richard J. (2015) Performance evaluation of non-thermal plasma on particulate matter, ozone and CO2 correlation for diesel exhaust emission reduction. Chemical Engineering Journal, 276, pp. 240-248.

[img] Accepted Version (PDF 770kB)
Administrators only until 15 September 2017 | Request a copy from author

View at publisher


This study is seeking to investigate the effect of non-thermal plasma technology in the abatement of particulate matter (PM) from the actual diesel exhaust. Ozone (O3) strongly promotes PM oxidation, the main product of which is carbon dioxide (CO2). PM oxidation into the less harmful product (CO2) is the main objective whiles the correlation between PM, O3 and CO2 is considered. A dielectric barrier discharge reactor has been designed with pulsed power technology to produce plasma inside the diesel exhaust. To characterise the system under varied conditions, a range of applied voltages from 11 kVPP to 21kVPP at repetition rates of 2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10 kHz, have been experimentally investigated. The results show that by increasing the applied voltage and repetition rate, higher discharge power and CO2 dissociation can be achieved. The PM removal efficiency of more than 50% has been achieved during the experiments and high concentrations of ozone on the order of a few hundreds of ppm have been observed at high discharge powers. Furthermore, O3, CO2 and PM concentrations at different plasma states have been analysed for time dependence. Based on this analysis, an inverse relationship between ozone concentration and PM removal has been found and the role of ozone in PM removal in plasma treatment of diesel exhaust has been highlighted.

Impact and interest:

6 citations in Scopus
Search Google Scholar™
4 citations in Web of Science®

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

ID Code: 84048
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Non-thermal plasma, Dielectric barrier discharge, Diesel particulate matter, Ozone, Carbon dioxide, Environmental Engineering
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2015.04.086
ISSN: 1385-8947
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Past > Institutes > Institute for Sustainable Resources
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Chemical Engineering Journal. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol 276, 2015, DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2015.04.086
Deposited On: 12 May 2015 00:56
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2015 21:53

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page