Rapid detection of TNT in aqueous media by selective label free surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy

Jamil, Arniza K.M., Izake, Emad L., Sivanesan, Arumugam, & Fredericks, Peter M. (2015) Rapid detection of TNT in aqueous media by selective label free surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. Talanta, 134, pp. 732-738.

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We report rapid and ultra-sensitive detection system for 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) using unmodified gold nanoparticles and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). First, Meisenheimer complex has been formed in aqueous solution between TNT and cysteamine in less than 15 min of mixing. The complex formation is confirmed by the development of a pink colour and a new UV–vis absorption band around 520 nm. Second, the developed Meisenheimer complex is spontaneously self-assembled onto unmodified gold nanoparticles through a stable Au–S bond between the cysteamine moiety and the gold surface. The developed mono layer of cysteamine-TNT is then screened by SERS to detect and quantify TNT. Our experimental results demonstrate that the SERS-based assay provide an ultra-sensitive approach for the detection of TNT down to 22.7 ng/L. The unambiguous fingerprint identification of TNT by SERS represents a key advantage for our proposed method. The new method provides high selectivity towards TNT over 2,4 DNT and picric acid. Therefore it satisfies the practical requirements for the rapid screening of TNT in real life samples where the interim 24-h average allowable concentration of TNT in waste water is 0.04 mg/L.

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13 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 84124
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2014.12.022
ISSN: 0039-9140
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 Elsevier
Deposited On: 14 May 2015 03:58
Last Modified: 21 May 2015 05:26

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