How does commuting behavior change due to incentives? An empirical study of the Beijing Subway System

Zhang, Zheng, Fujii, Hidemichi, & Managi, Shunsuke (2014) How does commuting behavior change due to incentives? An empirical study of the Beijing Subway System. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 24, pp. 17-26.

View at publisher


This study examines the impact of incentives on commuters' travel behavior based upon a questionnaire survey conducted with respect to the Beijing Subway System. Overall, we find that offering incentives to commuters, particularly fast food restaurant-related services and reduced ticket fares, has a positive influence on avoiding the morning rush hour. Furthermore, by using an interaction analysis, we discover that a flexible work schedule has an impact on commuters' behavior and the efficiency of the subway system. Finally, we recommend two possible policies to maximize the utility of the subway system and to reduce congestion at the peak of morning service:

(1) a set of incentives that includes free wireless internet service with a coupon for breakfast and a discount on ticket fares before the morning peak, and;

(2) the introduction of a flexible work schedule.

Impact and interest:

8 citations in Scopus
7 citations in Web of Science®
Search Google Scholar™

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

ID Code: 84219
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Behavior, Beijing Subway System, Commute, Flexibility, Incentives, Morning peak, Transportation, Beijing subways, Behavioral research
DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2014.02.009
ISSN: 1369-8478
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ECONOMICS (140000) > APPLIED ECONOMICS (140200)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Economics & Finance
Deposited On: 18 May 2015 00:19
Last Modified: 19 May 2015 01:10

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page