Genetic risk score analysis indicates migraine with and without comorbid depression are genetically different disorders

Ligthart, L., Hottenga, J.-J., Lewis, C.M., Farmer, A.E., Craig, I.W., Breen, G., Willemsen, G., Vink, J.M., Middeldorp, C.M., Byrne, E.M., Heath, A.C., Madden, P.A.F., Pergadia, M.L., Montgomery, G.W., Martin, N.G., Penninx, B.W.J.H., McGuffin, P., Boomsma, D.I., & Nyholt, D.R. (2014) Genetic risk score analysis indicates migraine with and without comorbid depression are genetically different disorders. Human Genetics, 133(2), pp. 173-186.

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Migraine and major depressive disorder (MDD) are comorbid, moderately heritable and to some extent influenced by the same genes. In a previous paper, we suggested the possibility of causality (one trait causing the other) underlying this comorbidity. We present a new application of polygenic (genetic risk) score analysis to investigate the mechanisms underlying the genetic overlap of migraine and MDD. Genetic risk scores were constructed based on data from two discovery samples in which genome-wide association analyses (GWA) were performed for migraine and MDD, respectively. The Australian Twin Migraine GWA study (N = 6,350) included 2,825 migraine cases and 3,525 controls, 805 of whom met the diagnostic criteria for MDD. The RADIANT GWA study (N = 3,230) included 1,636 MDD cases and 1,594 controls. Genetic risk scores for migraine and for MDD were used to predict pure and comorbid forms of migraine and MDD in an independent Dutch target sample (NTR-NESDA, N = 2,966), which included 1,476 MDD cases and 1,058 migraine cases (723 of these individuals had both disorders concurrently). The observed patterns of prediction suggest that the 'pure' forms of migraine and MDD are genetically distinct disorders. The subgroup of individuals with comorbid MDD and migraine were genetically most similar to MDD patients. These results indicate that in at least a subset of migraine patients with MDD, migraine may be a symptom or consequence of MDD. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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ID Code: 84319
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: article, comorbidity, controlled study, genetic association, genetic risk score, human, major clinical study, major depression, migraine, priority journal, scoring system, single nucleotide polymorphism, Adult, Australia, Comorbidity, Depressive Disorder, Major, Female, Genetic Testing, Genome-Wide Association Study, Humans, Interviews as Topic, Male, Middle Aged, Migraine Disorders, Multifactorial Inheritance, Netherlands, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Risk Factors, Young Adult
DOI: 10.1007/s00439-013-1370-8
ISSN: 0340-6717
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Biomedical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Deposited On: 19 May 2015 02:09
Last Modified: 21 May 2015 16:48

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