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The efficacy of a universal school-based program to prevent adolescent depression

Shochet, Ian M., Dadds, Mark R., Holland, Denise, Whitefield, Kathy L., Harnett, Paul H., & Osgarby, Susan M. (2001) The efficacy of a universal school-based program to prevent adolescent depression. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 30(3), pp. 303-315.

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Abstract

Evaluated whether a universal school-based program, designed to prevent depression in adolescents, could be effectively implemented within the constraints of the school environment. Participants were 260 Year 9 secondary school students. Students completed measures of depressive symptoms and hopelessness and were then assigned to 1 of 3 groups: (a) Resourceful Adolescent Program-Adolescents (RAP-A), an 11-session school-based resilience building program, as part of the school curriculum; (b) Resourceful Adolescent Program-Family (RAP-F), the same program as in RAP-A, but in which each student's parents were also invited to participate in a 3-session parent program; and (c) Adolescent Watch, a comparison group in which adolescents simply completed the measures. The program was implemented with a high recruitment (88%), low attrition rate (5.8%), and satisfactory adherence to program protocol. Adolescents in either of the RAP programs reported significantly lower levels of depressive symptomatology and hopelessness at post-intervention and 10-month follow-up, compared with those in the comparison group. Adolescents also reported high satisfaction with the program. The study provides evidence for the efficacy of a school-based universal program designed to prevent depression in adolescence.

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112 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 8450
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Journal of Clinical Child Psychology is now called Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. For more information, please refer to the journal’s website (see hypertext link) or contact the author. Author contact details: i.shochet@qut.edu.au
Keywords: CHILD psychology, DEPRESSION in adolescence SCHOOL environment
DOI: 10.1207/S15374424JCCP3003_3
ISSN: 1537-4424
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Health Clinical and Counselling Psychology (170106)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2001 Taylor & Francis
Deposited On: 04 Jul 2007
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2011 04:17

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