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Do autism spectrum disorders differ from each other and from non-spectrum disorders on emotion recognition tests

Dyck, Murray J., Ferguson, K., & Shochet, Ian M. (2001) Do autism spectrum disorders differ from each other and from non-spectrum disorders on emotion recognition tests. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 10(2), pp. 105-116.

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Abstract

We tested whether dimensional measures of empathic ability, theory of mind, and intelligence would differentiate autism spectrum disorders from each other and from non-spectrum disorders. Tests were administered to children with a diagnosis of Autistic Disorder (AutD; n = 20), Asperger's Disorder (AspD; n = 28), Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (Inattentive Type) (ADHD; n = 35), Mental Retardation (Mild) (MR; n = 34), Anxiety Disorder (AnxD; n = 14), or No Psychological Disorder (NPD; n = 36). Results showed that empathic ability discriminated among groups on the autism spectrum (AutD < AspD < NPD). Because empathic ability is not independent of intelligence (AutD < AspD < NPD on intelligence; MR < ADHD < NPD on empathic ability), both dimensions are necessary to discriminate autism spectrum from non-spectrum disorders. When intelligence is covaried, empathic ability discriminated AutD, but not AspD, from other disorders (AutD < MR < ADHD < NPD = AnxD = AspD).

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ID Code: 8451
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal’s website (see hypertext link) or contact Judith Matthews-Mcbride: j.matthews-mcbride@qut.edu.au
Keywords: AUTISM SPECTRUM, empathic ability, emotion recognition, theory of mind, development disorder
DOI: 10.1007/s007870170033
ISSN: 1435-165X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Health Clinical and Counselling Psychology (170106)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2001 Springer
Copyright Statement: The original publication is available at SpringerLink http://www.springerlink.com
Deposited On: 03 Jul 2007
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2010 02:32

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