Near infrared spectroscopy of selected natural magnesium carbonates: implications for geosequestration

Frost, Ray L. & López, Andrés (2015) Near infrared spectroscopy of selected natural magnesium carbonates: implications for geosequestration. Journal of Near Infrared Spectroscopy, 23(1), pp. 49-58.

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Abstract

The approach to remove greenhouse gases by pumping liquid CO2 several kilometres below the ground implies that many carbonate containing minerals will be formed. Among these minerals, the formation of hydromagnesite, dypingite and nesquehonite are possible, thus necessitating a study of such minerals. These minerals with a hydrotalcite-related formulae have been characterised by a combination of infrared and near infrared spectroscopy. Layered double hydroxides (also known as anionic clays or hydrotalcites) are a group of layered clay minerals described by the general formula: [M1–x2+Mx3+(OH)2]x+[An–]x/n∙mH2O. The infrared spectra of the minerals are characterised by OH and water stretching vibrations. Both the first and second fundamental overtones of these bands are observed in the NIR spectra in the 7030–7235 cm–1 and 10,490–10,570 cm–1 spectral ranges. Intense (CO3)2– symmetrical and anti-symmetrical stretching vibrations confirm the distortion of the carbonate anion. The position of the water bending vibration indicates water is strongly hydrogen-bonded to the carbonate anion in the mineral structure. NIR spectroscopy offers a method for quickly analysing such materials.

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ID Code: 84510
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: carbonate, hydromagnesite, nesquehonite, dypingite, near infrared spectroscopy, OH overtones, carbonate combination bands, NIR
DOI: 10.1255/jnirs.1144
ISSN: 0967-0335
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: © IM Publications
Deposited On: 27 May 2015 01:51
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2015 06:14

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