Universal features of personality traits from the observer’s perspective: Data from 50 cultures

McCrae, Robert R. & Terracciano, Antonio (2005) Universal features of personality traits from the observer’s perspective: Data from 50 cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88(3), pp. 547-561.

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Abstract

To test hypotheses about the universality of personality traits, college students in 50 cultures identified an adult or college-aged man or woman whom they knew well and rated the 11,985 targets using the 3rd-person version of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory. Factor analyses within cultures showed that the normative American self-report structure was clearly replicated in most cultures and was recognizable in all. Sex differences replicated earlier self-report results, with the most pronounced differences in Western cultures. Cross-sectional age differences for 3 factors followed the pattern identified in self-reports, with moderate rates of change during college age and slower changes after age 40. With a few exceptions, these data support the hypothesis that features of personality traits are common to all human groups.

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ID Code: 8461
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Authorship also to the 78 Members of the Personality Profiles of Cultures Project. Jane Shakespeare-Finch is the Australian collaborator and co-author for this project. For more information, please refer to the journal’s website (see hypertext link) or contact Jane Shakespeare-Finch: j.shakespeare-finch@qut.edu.au
Additional URLs:
Keywords: personality, culture
DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.88.3.547
ISSN: 0022-3514
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2005 American Psychological Association
Deposited On: 04 Jul 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:28

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