Weight-related risk perception among healthy and overweight pregnant women: A cross-sectional study

de Jersey, S.J., Callaway, L.K., Daniels, L.A., & Nicholson, J.M. (2015) Weight-related risk perception among healthy and overweight pregnant women: A cross-sectional study. Journal of Perinatology, 35, pp. 683-688.

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Abstract

Objective

  • The objective of this study was to evaluate weight-related risk perception in early pregnancy and to compare this perception between women commencing pregnancy healthy weight and overweight.

Study design

  • Pregnant women (n=664) aged 29±5 (mean±s.d.) years were recruited from a metropolitan teaching hospital in Australia. A self-administered questionnaire was completed at around 16 weeks of gestation. Height measured at baseline and self-reported pre-pregnancy weight were used to calculate body mass index. Cross-sectional analysis was conducted.

  • Differences between groups were assessed using chi-squared tests for categorical variables and t-tests or Mann–Whitney U tests for continuous variables depending on distribution.

Result

  • Excess gestational weight gain (GWG) during pregnancy was more important in leading to health problems for women or their child compared with pre-pregnancy weight. Personal risk perception for complications was low for all women, although overweight women had slightly higher scores than healthy-weight women (2.4±1.0 vs 2.9±1.0; P<0.001). All women perceived their risk for complications to be below that of an average pregnant woman.

Conclusion

  • Women should be informed of the risk associated with their pre-pregnancy weight (in the case of maternal overweight) and excess GWG. If efforts to raise risk awareness are to result in preventative action, this information needs to be accompanied by advice and appropriate support on how to reduce risk.

Impact and interest:

1 citations in Scopus
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ID Code: 84683
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Weight, Risk Perception, Pregnant, Behaviour Change
DOI: 10.1038/jp.2015.57
ISSN: 1476-5543
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (111100)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PAEDIATRICS AND REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE (111400) > Obstetrics and Gynaecology (111402)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Health Clinical and Counselling Psychology (170106)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Education
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Funding:
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 Nature America, Inc.
Deposited On: 08 Jun 2015 22:53
Last Modified: 19 May 2016 21:58

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