Structure of organoclays - an x-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analysis study
X-ray diffraction has been used to study the changes in the surface properties of a montmorillonitic clay through the changes in the basal spacings of montmorillonite (SWy-2) and surfactant-intercalated organo-clays. Variation in the d-spacing was found to be a step-function of the surfactant concentration. High resolution thermogravimetric analysis (HRTG) was used to study the thermal decomposition surfactant modified SWy-2-MMTs modified with the surfactant octadecyltrimethylammonium bromide. High resolution thermogravimetry shows the decomposition takes place in 4 steps. A mass loss step is observed at room temperature and is attributed to dehydration of adsorption water. A second mass loss step is observed over the 87.9 to 135.5 degrees Celsius temperature range and is also attributed to dehydration of water hydrating metal cations such as Na+ . The third mass loss occurs from 178.9 to 384.5 degrees Celsius and is assigned to a loss of surfactant. The fourth mass loss step is ascribed to the loss of OH units through dehydroxylation over the 556.01 to 636.35 degrees Celsius temperature range.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||montmorillonite, dehydration, dehydroxylation, organo, clay, X, ray diffraction, high, resolution thermogravimetric analysis|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (030200)|
|Divisions:||Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2004 Elsevier|
|Copyright Statement:||Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher: This journal is available online.|
|Deposited On:||29 Jul 2005|
|Last Modified:||29 Feb 2012 23:08|
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