Eruption centres of the Hamilton area of the Newer Volcanics Province, Victoria, Australia: Pinpointing volcanoes from a multifaceted approach to landform mapping

Boyce, J.A., Keays, R.R., Nicholls, I.A., & Hayman, P. (2014) Eruption centres of the Hamilton area of the Newer Volcanics Province, Victoria, Australia: Pinpointing volcanoes from a multifaceted approach to landform mapping. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 61(5), pp. 735-754.

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Abstract

Volcanic eruption centres of the mostly 4.5 Ma-5000 BP Newer Volcanics Province in the Hamilton area of southeastern Australia were examined in detail using a multifaceted approach, including ground truthing and analysis of ArcGIS Total Magnetic Intensity and seamless geology data, NASA Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) digital elevation models and Google Earth satellite image interpretation. Sixteen eruption centres were recognised in the Hamilton area, including three previously unrecorded volcanoes-one of which, the Cas Maar, constitutes the northernmost maar-cone volcanic complex in the Western Plains subprovince. Seven previously allocated eruption centres were placed into question based on field and laboratory observations. Three phases of volcanic activity have been suggested by other authors and are interpreted to correlate with ages of >4 Ma, ca 2 Ma and <0.5 Ma, which may be further subdivided based on preservation of outcrop. Geochemical compositions of the dominantly basaltic products become increasingly alkaline and enriched in incompatible elements from Phases 1 to 2, with Phase 3 eruptions both covering the entire geochemical range and extending into increasingly enriched compositions. This research highlights the importance of a multifaceted approach to landform mapping and demonstrates that additional volcanic centres may yet be discovered in the Newer Volcanics Province

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4 citations in Scopus
4 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 84950
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: geochemistry, Google Earth, intraplate basaltic volcanism, monogenetic volcanism, Newer Volcanics Province, radiometrics, relative ages, ASTER, basalt, digital elevation model, intraplate process, landform, magnetic intensity, mapping, radiometric method, volcanic eruption, volcanism, Australia, Hamilton [Victoria], Victoria [Australia]
DOI: 10.1080/08120099.2014.923508
ISSN: 1440-0952
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Geological Society of Australia
Deposited On: 08 Dec 2015 01:01
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2017 00:01

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