Prediction of shrinkage and porosity during drying: Considering both material properties and process conditions

Joardder, Mohammad Uzzal Hossain, Brown, Richard J., & Karim, Azharul (2015) Prediction of shrinkage and porosity during drying: Considering both material properties and process conditions. In ICEF12 : 12th International Congress on Engineering and Food, 14-18 June 2015, Québec City Convention Centre, Québec City.

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Drying of food materials offers a significant increase in the shelf life of food materials, along with the modification of quality attributes due to simultaneous heat and mass transfer. Shrinkage and variations in porosity are the common micro and microstructural changes that take place during the drying of mostly the food materials. Although extensive research has been carried out on the prediction of shrinkage and porosity over the time of drying, no single model exists which consider both material properties and process condition in the same model. In this study, an attempt has been made to develop and validate shrinkage and porosity models of food materials during drying considering both process parameters and sample properties. The stored energy within the sample, elastic potential energy, glass transition temperature and physical properties of the sample such as initial porosity, particle density, bulk density and moisture content have been taken into consideration. Physical properties and validation have been made by using a universal testing machine ( Instron 2kN), a profilometer (Nanovea) and a pycnometer. Apart from these, COMSOL Multiphysics 4.4 has been used to solve heat and mass transfer physics. Results obtained from models of shrinkage and porosity is quite consistent with the experimental data. Successful implementation of these models would ensure the use of optimum energy in the course of drying and better quality retention of dried foods.

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ID Code: 84965
Item Type: Conference Item (Poster)
Refereed: No
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Porosity, Shrinkage, Food drying, Process condition, Material properties
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 The Author(s)
Deposited On: 24 Jun 2015 00:46
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2016 02:53

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