Quantum cognition: A new theoretical approach to psychology

Bruza, Peter D., Wang, Zheng, & Busemeyer, Jerome R. (2015) Quantum cognition: A new theoretical approach to psychology. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 19(7), pp. 383-393.

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Abstract

What type of probability theory best describes the way humans make judgments under uncertainty and decisions under conflict? Although rational models of cognition have become prominent and have achieved much success, they adhere to the laws of classical probability theory despite the fact that human reasoning does not always conform to these laws. For this reason we have seen the recent emergence of models based on an alternative probabilistic framework drawn from quantum theory. These quantum models show promise in addressing cognitive phenomena that have proven recalcitrant to modeling by means of classical probability theory. This review compares and contrasts probabilistic models based on Bayesian or classical versus quantum principles, and highlights the advantages and disadvantages of each approach.

Impact and interest:

8 citations in Scopus
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7 citations in Web of Science®

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19 since deposited on 06 Jul 2015
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ID Code: 85145
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: quantum probability, Bayesian probability, complementarity, incompatibility, superposition, human judgment
DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2015.05.001
ISSN: 1364-6613
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > COGNITIVE SCIENCE (170200) > Decision Making (170202)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > COGNITIVE SCIENCE (170200) > Cognitive Science not elsewhere classified (170299)
Divisions: Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > Schools > School of Information Systems
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Funding:
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Deposited On: 06 Jul 2015 23:41
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2016 13:39

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