Cambios hematológicos tras un programa de promoción de actividad física en sujetos inactivos. Ensayo aleatorizado controlado

Martín-Valero, R., Cuesta-Vargas, A.I., & Labajos-Manzanares, M.T. (2014) Cambios hematológicos tras un programa de promoción de actividad física en sujetos inactivos. Ensayo aleatorizado controlado. Fisioterapia, 36(1), pp. 34-39.

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Comparar los cambios antropométricos y bioquímicos en personas inactivas, que realizan un programa de actividad física frente a los que no lo realizan desde los Centros de Atención Primaria.


Cien personas inactivas de ambos sexos, mayores de 55 años fueron aleatorizadas a un grupo experimental (n = 50) y a un grupo control (n = 50). Se realizó un programa de promoción de actividad física siguiendo los criterios del Colegio Americano de Medicina del Deporte, de 60 min cada sesión, 2 sesiones por semana, durante 3 meses. Las medidas antropométricas incluyeron el índice de masa corporal y el porcentaje graso, y como variables bioquímicas el perfil lipídico, hematíes y la creatina kinasa.


Completaron el estudio 75 personas. Esta investigación no presentó cambios significativos a nivel antropométrico, ni en las variables bioquímicas del perfil lipídico. Sí se observaron efectos clínicamente relevantes en la concentración de los hematíes de las mujeres que realizaron dicho programa. Conclusiones

El efecto clínico global fue pequeño en las personas que realizaron el programa, pero relevante para la salud de la población. Esta intervención produce efectos a corto plazo en la bioquímica de las personas inactivas.

Abstract in English


Compare anthropometry and biochemical changes in inactive people who participate in a physical activity program versus those who do not from the Primary Health Care Centers.


One hundred inactive subjects of both genders, 55 years and older, from Torremolinos, Spain were randomized into an experimental group (n = 50) and a control group (n = 50). A program promoting physical activity was carried out following the American Medical Society for Sport's Medicine criteria. The program included sessions a week for 3 months. Antropometric measurements included body mass index and fat percentage, and such as biochemical measures: the lipid profile, erythrocytes, and creatine kinase.


Seventy-five persons completed the study. This research did not show significant changes to anthropometric or biochemical outcomes of the lipid profile. However, there were clinically relevant effects regarding red blood cells concentration in the women who participated in this program.


Overall clinical effect was small in those participating in the program, but relevant for the health of the population. This program has short-term effects on biochemistry results of inactive subjects.

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ID Code: 85603
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: No
Additional Information: Hematological changes after a program promoting physical activity in inactive subjects. A randomized, controlled trial
DOI: 10.1016/j.ft.2013.01.008
ISSN: 0211-5638
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Clinical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Elsevier
Deposited On: 01 Sep 2015 04:58
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2015 00:53

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