Correlation between architectural variables and torque in the erector spinae muscle during maximal isometric contraction

Cuesta-Vargas, Antonio & González-Sánchez, Manuel (2014) Correlation between architectural variables and torque in the erector spinae muscle during maximal isometric contraction. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32(19), pp. 1797-1804.

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Abstract

This study analysed whether a significant relationship exists between the torque and muscle thickness and pennation angle of the erector spinae muscle during a maximal isometric lumbar extension with the lumbar spine in neutral position. This was a cross-sectional study in which 46 healthy adults performed three repetitions for 5 s of maximal isometric lumbar extension with rests of 90 s. During the lumbar extensions, bilateral ultrasound images of the erector spinae muscle (to measure pennation angle and muscle thickness) and torque were acquired. Reliability test analysis calculating the internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) of the measure, correlation between pennation angle, muscle thickness and torque extensions were examined. Through a linear regression the contribution of each independent variable (muscle thickness and pennation angle) to the variation of the dependent variable (torque) was calculated. The results of the reliability test were: 0.976–0.979 (pennation angle), 0.980–0.980 (muscle thickness) and 0.994 (torque). The results show that pennation angle and muscle thickness were significantly related to each other with a range between 0.295 and 0.762. In addition, multiple regression analysis showed that the two variables considered in this study explained 68% of the variance in the torque. Pennation angle and muscle thickness have a moderate impact on the variance exerted on the torque during a maximal isometric lumbar extension with the lumbar spine in neutral position.

Impact and interest:

2 citations in Scopus
3 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 85605
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: ultrasonography, pennation angle, muscle thickness, lumbosacral region, reliability, multiple regression analysis
DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2014.924054
ISSN: 1466-447X
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Clinical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Deposited On: 15 Jul 2015 23:46
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2015 00:23

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