Improving adherence physical activity with a smartphone application based on adults with intellectual disabilities (APPCOID)

Pérez-Cruzado, David & Cuesta-Vargas, Antonio I. (2013) Improving adherence physical activity with a smartphone application based on adults with intellectual disabilities (APPCOID). BMC Public Health, 13, Article No. 1173.

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People with intellectual disabilities (ID) have lower levels of physical activity and quality of life and they have a lot of barriers to face when taking part in physical activity. Other problems are the poor adherence to physical activity such people have so this study is designed to improve adherence to physical activity for people with intellectual disabilities with the assistance of an application for smartphones. The aim of the study will be to improve physical activity and physical condition after multimodal intervention and to analyse the promotion of adherence to physical activity through a multimodal intervention and an app intervention (mHealth) in people with ID.


A two-stage study will be conducted. In stage 1 a multimodal intervention will take place will be done with physical activity and educational advice over eight weeks, two days a week. Data will be measured after and before the intervention. In stage 2 a randomized controlled trial will be conducted. In the intervention group we will install an application to a smartphone; this application will be a reminder to do a physical activity and they have to select whether they have or haven’t done a physical activity every day. This application will be installed for 18 weeks. Data will be measured after and before the application is installed in two groups. We will measure results 10 weeks later when the two groups don’t have the reminder. The principal outcome used to measure the adherence to physical activity will be the International Physical Activity Questionnaire; secondary outcomes will be a fun-fitness test and self-report survey about quality of life, self-efficacy and social support. Samples will be randomized by sealed envelope in two groups, with approximately 20 subjects in each group. It’s important to know that the therapist will be blinded and won’t know the subjects of each group.


Offering people with ID a multimodal intervention and tool to increase the adherence to a physical activity may increase the levels of physical activity and quality of life. Such a scheme, if beneficial, could be implemented successfully within public health sense.

Trial registration Identifier: NCT01915381.

Impact and interest:

4 citations in Scopus
2 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 85608
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Intellectual disability, Physical activity, Adherence, M-Health, Mobile phone, App, IPAQ, Accelerometers
DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-1173
ISSN: 1471-2458
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Pérez-Cruzado and Cuesta-Vargas; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.Cuesta-Vargas
Copyright Statement: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Deposited On: 15 Jul 2015 23:41
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2017 14:51

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