Genome-wide association identifies genetic variants associated with lentiform nucleus volume in N = 1345 young and elderly subjects

Hibar, D. P., Stein, J. L., Ryles, A. B., Kohannim, O., Jahanshad, N., Medland, S. E., Hansell, N. K., McMahon, K. L., de Zubicaray, G. I., Montgomery, G. W., Martin, N. G., Wright, M. J., Saykin, A. J., Jack Jr, C. R., Weiner, M. W., Toga, A. W., & Thompson, P. M. (2013) Genome-wide association identifies genetic variants associated with lentiform nucleus volume in N = 1345 young and elderly subjects. Brain Imaging and Behavior, 7(2), pp. 102-115.

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Abstract

Deficits in lentiform nucleus volume and morphometry are implicated in a number of genetically influenced disorders, including Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, and ADHD. Here we performed genome-wide searches to discover common genetic variants associated with differences in lentiform nucleus volume in human populations. We assessed structural MRI scans of the brain in two large genotyped samples: the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI; N = 706) and the Queensland Twin Imaging Study (QTIM; N = 639). Statistics of association from each cohort were combined meta-analytically using a fixed-effects model to boost power and to reduce the prevalence of false positive findings. We identified a number of associations in and around the flavin-containing monooxygenase (FMO) gene cluster. The most highly associated SNP, rs1795240, was located in the FMO3 gene; after meta-analysis, it showed genome-wide significant evidence of association with lentiform nucleus volume (PMA = 4. 79 × 10-8). This commonly-carried genetic variant accounted for 2. 68 % and 0. 84 % of the trait variability in the ADNI and QTIM samples, respectively, even though the QTIM sample was on average 50 years younger. Pathway enrichment analysis revealed significant contributions of this gene to the cytochrome P450 pathway, which is involved in metabolizing numerous therapeutic drugs for pain, seizures, mania, depression, anxiety, and psychosis. The genetic variants we identified provide replicated, genome-wide significant evidence for the FMO gene cluster's involvement in lentiform nucleus volume differences in human populations.

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ID Code: 85771
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Basal ganglia, Drug metabolism, Genome-wide association study (GWAS), Morphometry, MRI, Replication
DOI: 10.1007/s11682-012-9199-7
ISSN: 1931-7565
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 Springer Science+Business Media
Deposited On: 28 Sep 2015 03:48
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2015 00:11

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