Interference from object part relations in spoken word production: Behavioural and fMRI evidence

Vieth, H.E., McMahon, K.L., Cunnington, R., & de Zubicaray, G.I. (2015) Interference from object part relations in spoken word production: Behavioural and fMRI evidence. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 36, pp. 56-71.

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Abstract

Objects presented in categorically related contexts are typically named slower than objects presented in unrelated contexts, a phenomenon termed semantic interference. However, not all semantic relationships induce interference. In the present study, we investigated the influence of object part-relations in the blocked cyclic naming paradigm. In Experiment 1 we established that an object's parts do induce a semantic interference effect when named in context compared to unrelated parts (e.g., leaf, root, nut, bark; for tree). In Experiment 2) we replicated the effect during perfusion functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to identify the cerebral regions involved. The interference effect was associated with significant perfusion signal increases in the hippocampal formation and decreases in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. We failed to observe significant perfusion signal changes in the left lateral temporal lobe, a region that shows reliable activity for interference effects induced by categorical relations in the same paradigm and is proposed to mediate lexical-semantic processing. We interpret these results as supporting recent explanations of semantic interference in blocked cyclic naming that implicate working memory mechanisms. However, given the failure to observe significant perfusion signal changes in the left temporal lobe, the results provide only partial support for accounts that assume semantic interference in this paradigm arises solely due to lexical-level processes.

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2 citations in Scopus
2 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 85850
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Blocked cyclic naming, Neuroimaging, Object parts
DOI: 10.1016/j.jneuroling.2015.05.002
ISSN: 1873-8052
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
Deposited On: 28 Sep 2015 03:03
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2016 01:28

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