The nutritional profile of baby and toddler food products sold in Australian supermarkets

Dunford, E., Louie, J.C.Y, Byrne, R., Walker, K.Z., & Flood, V.M. (2015) The nutritional profile of baby and toddler food products sold in Australian supermarkets. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 19(12), pp. 2598-2604.

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  • To examine the nutritional profile of baby and toddler foods sold in Australia.


  • Nutrient information for baby and toddler foods available at Australian supermarkets was collected between August and December 2013. Levels of declared energy, total fat, saturated fat, total sugar, sodium and estimated added sugar were examined, as well as the presence of additional micronutrients on the label. The Health Star Rating (HSR) system was used to determine nutritional quality. The range of products on offer was also examined by product type and by the age category for which the product was marketed.


  • Of the 309 products included, 29 % were fortified. On a per 100 g basis, these 309 products provided a mean (±SD) of 476 ± 486 kJ, 1.6 ± 2.4 g total fat, 10.7 ± 12.2 g total sugar, 2.7 ± 7.4 g added sugar, and 33.5 ± 66.5 mg sodium. Fruit-based products or products with fruit listed as an ingredient (58 %) were the predominant product type. On the nutrition label, 42 % displayed at least one additional micronutrient while 37 % did not display saturated fat. The most common HSR was four stars (45 %) and 6? months was the most commonly identified targeted age group (36 %).


  • The majority of baby and toddler foods sold in Australian supermarkets are ready-made fruit-based products aimed at children under 12 months of age. Baby and toddler foods are overlooked in public policy discussions pertaining to population nutrient intake but their relatively high sugar content deriving from fruits requires close attention to ensure these foods do not replace other more nutrient dense foods, given children have an innate preference for sweet tastes.

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ID Code: 85874
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Children, Food and nutrition, Public health, Weaning foods, Nutritional profile, Infant
DOI: 10.1007/s10995-015-1778-y
ISSN: 1573-6628
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (111100) > Public Nutrition Intervention (111104)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 Springer
Deposited On: 20 Jul 2015 23:32
Last Modified: 19 May 2016 04:19

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