Pathways to sex-based differentiation in criminal court sentencing

Jeffries, Samantha, Fletcher, Garth J., & Newbold, Greg (2003) Pathways to sex-based differentiation in criminal court sentencing. Criminology, 41(2), pp. 329-354.

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Using a matched sampling method, this research examined the process of sex-based differentiation in sentencing outcomes for 194 men and 194 women, sentenced over a seven-year period in Christchurch, New Zealand. Consistent with past research, our results showed that judicial processing treated women more leniently than men. Path analyses revealed that judges were less likely to sentence women than men to imprisonment terms because of gendered information and decisions made earlier in the judicial process, such as criminal history, length of custodial remands, and pre-sentence recommendations by probation officers. In contrast, judges exercised considerable leniency towards women (compared with men) in setting the length of prison terms, even after statistically controlling for all sex-differentiated factors such as criminal history. Explanations and implications are discussed.

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35 citations in Scopus
26 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 8607
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal's website (see hypertext link) or contact the author.
Author contact details:
Keywords: Sentencing, gender
DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2003.tb00990.x
ISSN: 0011-1384
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Law
Current > Schools > School of Justice
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2003 Blackwell Publishing
Copyright Statement: The definitive version is available at
Deposited On: 16 Jul 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:19

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