Expression and characterization of digestive enzyme genes from hepatopancreatic transcripts from redclaw crayfish (Cherax quadricarinatus)

Dammannagoda, L.K., Pavasovic, A., Prentis, P.J., Hurwood, D.A., & Mather, P.B. (2015) Expression and characterization of digestive enzyme genes from hepatopancreatic transcripts from redclaw crayfish (Cherax quadricarinatus). Aquaculture Nutrition, 21(6), pp. 868-880.

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Abstract

Redclaw crayfish, Cherax quadricarinatus, possess a number of biological and commercial attributes that make them ideal for commercial aquaculture. While some studies have investigated digestive enzyme activity and nutritional requirements of this species, little information exists about the expression of digestive enzyme genes and their role in regulating digestive capacity. The current study therefore sequenced and annotated a RNASeq library constructed from a redclaw hepatopancreas to identify genes involved in digestive enzyme production. We observed that most of the transcripts that were annotated as digestive enzyme genes are associated with carbohydrate metabolism, thus confirming that redclaw have an innate capacity to digest a range of carbohydrate substrates. While endoglucanases were the most abundant group of digestive enzymes found, a number of novel transcripts were also detected. Here, we provide the first report for the presence and expression of endo-b-mannanase in freshwater crayfish. This novel gene showed significant alignment with a GH5 family protein from marine Limnoriids, wood borers that do not possess symbiotic microbes in their gut system. Overall, the data generated here provide an important resource to better understand the suite of digestive enzymes in redclaw that are very useful to fully utilize the species’ digestive capacity and will assist development of specific artificial feeds.

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ID Code: 86240
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Digestive enzymes, Endoglucanase, Hepatopancreas, Mannanase, Redclaw, Transcripts
DOI: 10.1111/anu.12211
ISSN: 1353-5773
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Earth, Environmental & Biological Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Deposited On: 06 Aug 2015 00:18
Last Modified: 17 May 2016 01:39

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