Genetic structure of invasive weed Parthenium hysterophorus in Australia and Pakistan

Jabeen, Rasheda, Prentis, Peter, Anjum, Tehmina, & Adkins, Steve W. (2015) Genetic structure of invasive weed Parthenium hysterophorus in Australia and Pakistan. International Journal of Agriculture & Biology, 17(2), pp. 327-333.

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Understanding the patterns of genetic structure in the introduced range of invasive species can help elucidate invasion histories and levels of gene flow among populations. Parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L.; PW) is native to the Gulf of Mexico and central South America but has become globally invasive during the last three decades and little is known about the genetics of this species in its invasive range. The present study was conducted to determine the genetic structure of 95 individual samples from 11 populations (9 from Pakistan and 2 from Australia) of PW using ISSR fingerprinting. A total of 30 ISSR primers were screened; of which eight were selected due to their high polymorphism and reproducibility. In toto 147 bands were amplified, which ranged in size from 200-2000 bp; among which 97 were polymorphic. Genetic diversity within the populations both from Pakistan and Australia ranged between 0.193-0.278. Approximately 18% of genetic variation occurred among and 82% within populations. Principal Coordinate Analysis showed that within the 95 samples two groups were present: one contained samples collected mainly from Pakistan and the second group included the Australian samples along with two populations from Pakistan. Overall, there was limited gene flow among PW populations in Pakistan, although the genetic diversity within populations was high. The degree of genetic variation inferred from various population diversity measures can predict different events of founding populations, which have passed through complicated processes of invasion, experiencing genetic bottlenecks. Taken together, results showed that PW in Pakistan is genetically heterogeneous and may have been the result of multiple introductions.

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ID Code: 86432
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Genetic diversity, Invasion histories, Genetic bottleneck, Australia, Pakistan
ISSN: 1814-9596
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Earth, Environmental & Biological Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: © Copyright 2015 Please consult the authors.
Deposited On: 06 Aug 2015 01:24
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2015 04:54

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