Carbon concentration dependent grain growth of Cu2ZnSnS4thin films
Organic solvents are commonly used in ink precursors of Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanocrystals to make thin films for applications such as solar cells. However, the traces of carbon residual left behind by the organic solvents after high-temperature annealing is generally considered to restrict the growth of nanocrystals to form large grains. This work reported the first systematic study on the influence of carbon content of organic solvents on the grain growth of CZTS nanomaterial during high temperature sulfurization annealing. Solvents with carbon atom per molecule varying from 3 to 10 were used to made ink of CZTS nanocrystals for thin film deposition. It has been found that, after high temperature sulfurization annealing, a bilayer structure was formed in the CZTS film using organic solvent containing 3 carbon atoms per solvent molecule based on glycerol and 1,3-propanediol. The top layer consisted of closelypacked large grains and the bottom layer was made of as-synthesized nanoparticles. In contrast, the CZTS film made with the solvent molecule with more carbon atoms including 1,5-pentanediol (5 carbon atoms) and 1,7-heptanediol (7 carbon atoms) consisted of nanoparticles embedded with large crystals. It is believed that the carbon residues left behind by the organic solvents affected the necking of CZTS nanocrystals to form large grains through influencing the surface property of nanocrystals. Furthermore, it has also been observed that the solvent affected the thickness of MoS2 layer which was formed between CZTS and Mo substrate. A thinner MoS2 film (50 nm) was obtained with the slurry using carbon-rich terpineol as solvent whereas the thickest MoS2 (350 nm) was obtained with the film made from 1,3-propanediol based solvent. The evaluation of the photoactivity of the CZTS thin films has demonstrated that a higher photocurrent was generated with the film containing more large grains.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2015 Royal Society of Chemistry|
|Deposited On:||24 Aug 2015 21:42|
|Last Modified:||25 Aug 2015 22:17|
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