The race to patent the SARS virus: The TRIPS agreement and access to essential medicines

Rimmer, Matthew (2004) The race to patent the SARS virus: The TRIPS agreement and access to essential medicines. Melbourne Journal of International Law, 5(2), pp. 335-374.

View at publisher (open access)

Abstract

This article considers the race to sequence the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome virus ('the SARS virus') in light of the debate over patent law and access to essential medicines. Part II evaluates the claims of public research institutions in Canada, the United States, and Hong Kong, and commercial companies, to patent rights in respect of the SARS virus. It highlights the dilemma of ’defensive patenting' - the tension between securing private patent rights and facilitating public disclosure of information and research. Part III considers the race to patent the SARS virus in light of wider policy debates over gene patents. It examines the application of such patent criteria as novelty, inventive step, utility, and secret use. It contends that there is a need to reform the patent system to accommodate the global nature of scientific inquiry, the unique nature of genetics, and the pace of technological change. Part IV examines the role played by the World Trade Organization and the World Health Organization in dealing with patent law and access to essential medicines. The article contends that there is a need to ensure that the patent system is sufficiently flexible and adaptable to accommodate international research efforts on infectious diseases.

Impact and interest:

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

ID Code: 86812
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Patent law, SARS virus, avian influenza, HIV/AIDS, malaria, TB, defensive patenting, gene patents, patent pooling, access to essential medicines, TRIPS agreement, world trade organization, world heath organization, Intellectual Property and Innovation Law Research Group
ISSN: 1444-8610
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Law
Current > Schools > School of Law
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2004 Melbourne Journal of International Law Inc
Deposited On: 23 Sep 2015 01:46
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2015 01:46

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page