Miami heat: Patent law, informed consent and benefit-sharing

Rimmer, Matthew (2006) Miami heat: Patent law, informed consent and benefit-sharing. Journal of International Biotechnology Law, 3(5), pp. 177-191.

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Abstract

This article considers whether the granting of patents in respect of biomedical genetic research should be conditional upon the informed consent of research participants. It focuses upon several case studies. In Moore v the Regents of the University Of California, a patient sued his physician for breach of fiduciary duty and lack of informed consent, because the doctor had obtained a patent on the patient's cell line, without the patient's authorisation. In Greenberg v Miami Children's Hospital, the research participants, the Greenbergs, the National Tay Sachs and Allied Diseases Association, and Dor Yeshorim brought a legal action against the geneticist Reubon Matalon and the Miami Children's Hospital over a patent obtained on a gene related to the Canavan disease and accompany genetic diagnostic test. PXE International entered into a joint venture with Charles Boyd and the University of Hawaii, and obtained a patent together for ‘methods for diagnosing Pseudoxanthoma elasticum’. In light of such case studies, it is contended that there is a need to reform patent law, so as to recognise the bioethical principles of informed consent and benefit-sharing. The 2005 UNESCO Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights provides a model for future case law and policy-making.

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ID Code: 86817
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Intellectual Property and Innovation Law Research Group
DOI: 10.1515/JIBL.2006.023
ISSN: 1612-6076
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Law
Current > Schools > School of Law
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2006 Walter de Gruyter, Inc.
Deposited On: 23 Sep 2015 01:37
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2015 04:13

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