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Influence of dietary protein on digestive enzyme activity, growth and tail muscle composition in redclaw crayfish, Cherax quadricarinatus (von Martens)

Pavasovic, Ana, Anderson, Alex J., Mather, Peter B., & Richardson, Neil A. (2007) Influence of dietary protein on digestive enzyme activity, growth and tail muscle composition in redclaw crayfish, Cherax quadricarinatus (von Martens). Aquaculture Research, 38(6), pp. 644-652.

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Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary protein on digestive enzyme profiles, growth and tail muscle composition in the freshwater redclaw crayfish, Cherax quadricarinatus. Crayfish were fed five diets that consisted of a commercial crayfish pellet and experimental diets containing 13%, 18%,25% or 32% crude protein (CP), for a period of 12 weeks. Analysis of digestive enzyme profiles from the midgut gland (MG) revealed a positive correlation between protease, amylase and cellulase activities and dietary protein level. For all treatments, carbohydrase activity levels (cellulase and amylase) were significantly higher than those detected for protease. As dietary protein was elevated, there was a general increase in specific growth rate (SGR), with the highest SGR (0.58 + 0.06) values observed in crayfish fed the diet containing 25% CP. Feed onversion ratio (FCR)ranged between 5.84 and 6.97 and did not differ significantly among the treatment groups including the reference diet, with the exception of the low-protein diet (13% CP) which showed an FCR of 9.31. Finally,regression analysis revealed a strong positive correlation between the level of dietary protein and CP content in the tail muscle (P50.004; r250.99).

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13 citations in Scopus
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11 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 8700
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal's website (see hypertext link) or contact the author. Author contact details: p.mather@qut.edu.au
Keywords: redclaw, Cherax, protein, digestive enzymes, nutrition
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2109.2007.01708.x
ISSN: 1365-2109
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000) > PHYSIOLOGY (060600) > Animal Physiology - Systems (060603)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Past > Institutes > Institute for Sustainable Resources
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 Blackwell Publishing
Deposited On: 19 Jul 2007
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:33

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