Numerical modelling and design of unlined cold-formed steel wall frames

Telue, Yaip & Mahendran, Mahen (2004) Numerical modelling and design of unlined cold-formed steel wall frames. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 60(8), pp. 1241-1256.

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Cold-formed steel wall frame systems using lipped or unlipped C-sections and gypsum plasterboard lining are commonly utilised in the construction of both the load bearing and non-load bearing walls in the residential, commercial and industrial buildings. However, the structural behaviour of unlined and lined stud wall frames is not well understood and adequate design rules are not available. A detailed research program was therefore undertaken to investigate the behaviour of stud wall frame systems. As the first step in this research, the problem relating to the degree of end fixity of stud was investigated. The studs are usually connected to the top and bottom tracks and the degree of end fixity provided by these tracks is not adequately addressed by the design codes. A finite element model of unlined frames was therefore developed, and validated using full scale experimental results. It was then used in a detailed parametric study to develop appropriate design rules for unlined wall frames. This study has shown that by using appropriate effective length factors, the ultimate load and failure modes of the unlined studs can be accurately predicted using the provisions of Australian or American cold-formed steel structures design codes. This paper presents the details of the finite element analyses, the results and recommended design rules for unlined wall frames.

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ID Code: 87020
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Cold-formed steel wall frames; Stud walls; Finite element modelling; Local buckling; Flexural buckling; Flexural torsional buckling
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcsr.2003.11.009
ISSN: 0143-974X
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2003 Elsevier Ltd.
Deposited On: 02 Sep 2015 00:27
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2015 06:57

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