Academic entrepreneurship: A multilevel examination of individual, subunit and organizational effects

Huyghe, Annelore, Souitaris, Vangelis, & Knockaert, Mirjam (2015) Academic entrepreneurship: A multilevel examination of individual, subunit and organizational effects. In Davidsson, Per (Ed.) Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship Research Exchange Conference 2015 Proceedings, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, pp. 456-472.

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This study utilizes a multilevel approach to both estimate the relative importance of individual, subunit, and organization effects on entrepreneurial intentions in academia, as well as to investigate specific factors within the subunit effect and their interactions with other levels. Using a dataset of 2,652 researchers from 386 departments in 24 European universities, our findings reveal that intra-university differences, caused by the influence of the department, should not be ignored when studying academic entrepreneurship. Whereas researchers’ entrepreneurial intentions are mostly influenced by individual differences, department membership explains more variation than the university as a whole. Furthermore, drawing upon organizational culture literature, we identify a department’s adhocracy culture, characterized by flexibility and an external orientation, to be positively related to entrepreneurial intentions. Finally, consistent with trait activation theory, we find that strong adhocracy cultures reinforce the positive association between proactive personality and entrepreneurial intentions. This effect is further intensified when the university also has a technology transfer office with a substantial size. Our results have relevant implications for both academics and practitioners, including university managers, department heads and policy makers.

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ID Code: 87030
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Academic Entrepreneurship, Multilevel, Individual Effects, Subunit Effects, Organizational Effects
ISBN: 9780646933788
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT (150300) > Entrepreneurship (150304)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Management
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 please consult author(s).
Deposited On: 31 Aug 2015 02:45
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2015 04:17

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