Solution chemistry impacts on the seawater neutralisation process: Benefits of nanofiltered seawater and reverse osmosis brine
Johnstone, Dean W., Couperthwaite, Sara J., Mullett, Mark E., Bouzaid, Jocelyne, & Millar, Graeme J. (2015) Solution chemistry impacts on the seawater neutralisation process: Benefits of nanofiltered seawater and reverse osmosis brine. In AQW: 10th International Alumina Quality Workshop, 19-24 April 2015, Perth Convention and Exhibition Centre, Perth, Western Australia.
It is well known that the neutralisation of Bayer liquor with seawater causes the precipitation of stable alkaline products and a reduction in pH and dissolved metal concentrations in the effluent. However, there is limited information available on solution chemistry effects on the stability and reaction kinetics of these precipitates. This investigation shows the influence of reactive species (magnesium and calcium) in seawater on precipitate stabilities and volumetric efficiencies during the neutralisation of bauxite refinery residues. Correlations between synthetic seawater solutions and real samples of seawater (filtered seawater, nanofiltered seawater and reverse osmosis brine) have been made. These investigations have been used to confirm that alternative seawater sources can be used to increase the productivity potential of the neutralisation process with minimal implications on the composition and stability of precipitates formed. The volume efficiency of the neutralisation process using synthetic analogues has been shown to be almost directly proportional with the concentration of magnesium. This was further confirmed in the nanofiltered seawater and reverse osmosis brine that showed increases in the efficiency of neutralisation by factors of 3 and 2 compared to seawater, which corresponds with relatively the same increase in the concentration of magnesium in these alternative seawater sources. An assessment of the chemical stability of the precipitates, volumetric efficiency, and discharge water quality have been determined using numerous techniques that include pH, conductivity, inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis coupled to mass spectrometry and X-ray diffraction. Correlations between synthetic solution compositions and alternative seawater sources have been used to determine if alternative seawater sources are potential substitutes for seawater based on improvements in productivity, implementation costs, savings to operations and environmental benefits.
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|Item Type:||Conference Paper|
|Keywords:||Seawater neutralisation, Nanofiltered, Reverse osmosis, Bauxite residue, Bayer liquor|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2015 please consult author[s].|
|Deposited On:||31 Aug 2015 03:03|
|Last Modified:||05 Sep 2015 02:36|
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