QUT ePrints

Tissue-specific expression patterns and fine mapping of the human Kallikrein (KLK) locus on proximal 19q13.4

Harvey, Tracey J., Hooper, John D., Myers, Stephen A., Stephenson, Sally-Anne, Ashworth, Linda K., & Clements, Judith A. (2000) Tissue-specific expression patterns and fine mapping of the human Kallikrein (KLK) locus on proximal 19q13.4. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 275(48), pp. 37397-37406.

View at publisher

Abstract

The tissue or glandular kallikreins (KLK) are members of a highly conserved multigene family encoding serine proteases that are central to many biological processes. The rodent KLK families are large, highly conserved and clustered at one locus. The human KLK gene family is clustered on chromosome 19q13.3–13.4, and until recently consisted of just three members. However, recent studies have identified up to 11 new members of the KLK family that are less conserved than their rodent counterparts. Using a Southern blot and sequence analysis of 10 BACs and cosmids spanning approximately 400 kilobases (kb) either side of the original KLK 60-kb locus, we demonstrated that these genes also lie adjacent to this. We have also clarified the position of several microsatellite markers in relation to the extended KLK locus. Moreover, from Southern blot analysis of the cosmids and BACs with a degenerate oligonucleotide probe to the histidine-encoding region of serine proteases, we have shown that there are no other serine protease genes approximately 400 kb centromeric and 220 kb telomeric of the extended locus. We performed an extensive analysis of the expression patterns of these genes by poly(A)1 RNA dot blot and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis, and demonstrated a diverse pattern of expression. Of interest are clusters of genes with high prostate (KLK2–4) and pancreatic (KLK6–13) expression suggesting evolutionary conservation of elements conferring tissue specificity. From these findings, it is likely that the human KLK gene family consists of just 14 clustered genes within 300 kb and thus is of a comparable size to the rodent families (13–24 genes within 310 and 480 kb, respectively). In contrast to the rodent families, the newest members of the human KLK family are much less conserved in sequence (23–44% at the protein level) and appear to consist of at least four subfamilies. In addition, like the rat, these genes are expressed at varying levels in a diverse range of tissues although they exhibit quite distinct patterns of expression.

Impact and interest:

108 citations in Scopus
Search Google Scholar™
99 citations in Web of Science®

Citation countsare sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

ID Code: 8706
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal’s website (see hypertext link) or contact the author. Author contact details: jd.hooper@qut.edu.au
Additional URLs:
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M004525200
ISSN: 0021-9258
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2000 The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Deposited On: 19 Jul 2007
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2010 02:22

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page