A dynamic navigation model for unmanned aircraft systems and an application to autonomous front-on environmental sensing and photography using low-cost sensor systems

Cooper, Andrew James, Redman, Chelsea Anne, Stoneham, David Mark, Gonzalez, Luis Felipe, & Etse, Victor Kwesi (2015) A dynamic navigation model for unmanned aircraft systems and an application to autonomous front-on environmental sensing and photography using low-cost sensor systems. Sensors, 15(9), pp. 21537-21553.

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Abstract

This paper presents an unmanned aircraft system (UAS) that uses a probabilistic model for autonomous front-on environmental sensing or photography of a target. The system is based on low-cost and readily-available sensor systems in dynamic environments and with the general intent of improving the capabilities of dynamic waypoint-based navigation systems for a low-cost UAS. The behavioural dynamics of target movement for the design of a Kalman filter and Markov model-based prediction algorithm are included. Geometrical concepts and the Haversine formula are applied to the maximum likelihood case in order to make a prediction regarding a future state of a target, thus delivering a new waypoint for autonomous navigation. The results of the application to aerial filming with low-cost UAS are presented, achieving the desired goal of maintained front-on perspective without significant constraint to the route or pace of target movement.

Impact and interest:

2 citations in Scopus
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2 citations in Web of Science®

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40 since deposited on 02 Sep 2015
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ID Code: 87086
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Dynamic Navigation Model, Aerial Photography, Environmental Sensing, Low-Cost Sensor, UAV, drones, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
DOI: 10.3390/s150921537
ISSN: 1424-8220
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > AEROSPACE ENGINEERING (090100) > Flight Dynamics (090106)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING (090600) > Control Systems Robotics and Automation (090602)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Australian Research Centre for Aerospace Automation
Current > Schools > School of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 please consult author[s]
Deposited On: 02 Sep 2015 01:32
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2015 21:47

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