Assessment of body composition of Sri Lankan Australian children using ethnic specific equations

Wickramasinghe, V. P., Cleghorn, G. J., & Davies, P. S. W. (2015) Assessment of body composition of Sri Lankan Australian children using ethnic specific equations. Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka, 43(2), pp. 111-118.

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Abstract

Since ethnic differences exist in body composition, assessment methods need to be validated prior to use in different populations. This study attempts to validate the use of Sri Lankan based body composition assessment tools on a group of 5 - 15 year old Australian children of Sri Lankan origin. The study was conducted at the Body Composition Laboratory of the Children’s Nutrition Research Centre at the Royal Children’s Hospital, Brisbane, Australia.

Height (Ht), weight (Wt), segmental length (Lsegment name) and skinfold thickness (SFT) were measured. The whole body and segmental bio impedance analysis (BIA) were also measured. The body composition determined by the deuterium dilution technique (criterion method) was compared with the assessments done using prediction equations developed on Sri Lankan children. 27 boys and 15 girls were studied. All predictions of body composition parameters, except percentage fat mass (FM) assessed by the SFT-FM equation in girls gave statistically significant correlations with the criterion method. They had a low mean bias and most were not influenced by the measured parameter. Although living in a different socioeconomic state, the equations developed on children of the same ethnic background gives a better predictive value of body composition. This highlights the ethnic influence on body composition.

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ID Code: 87193
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: No
Keywords: Anthropometry, Bioelectrical impedance, Body composition, Ethnic specific equation, Skin fold thickness, Sri Lankan Australian children
DOI: 10.4038/jnsfsr.v43i2.7938
ISSN: 1391-4588
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Contact the authors
Deposited On: 02 Sep 2015 02:09
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2015 22:19

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