Expression and action of the growth hormone releasing peptide ghrelin and its receptor in prostate cancer cell lines

Jeffery, Penelope L., Herington, Adrian C., & Chopin, Lisa K. (2002) Expression and action of the growth hormone releasing peptide ghrelin and its receptor in prostate cancer cell lines. Journal of Endocrinology, 172(3), R7-R11.

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This study has examined the expression of two new facets of the growth hormone axis, the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R) and its recently identified putative natural ligand ghrelin, in prostate cancer cells. GHS-R 1a and 1b isoforms and ghrelin mRNA expression were detected by RT-PCR in the ALVA-41, LNCaP, DU145 and PC3 prostate cancer cell lines. A normal prostate cDNA library expressed GHS-R1a, but not the 1b isoform or ghrelin. Immunohistochemical staining for the GHS-R 1a isoform and ghrelin was positive in the four cell lines studied. PC3 cells showed increased cell proliferation in vitro in response to ghrelin to levels 33% above untreated controls, implying a potential tumour-promoting role for ghrelin in this tissue. This study is the first to demonstrate the co-expression of the GHS-R and ghrelin in prostate cancer cells. It is also the first study to provide evidence that a previously unrecognised autocrine/paracrine pathway involving ghrelin, that is capable of stimulating growth, exists in prostate cancer.

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147 citations in Scopus
125 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 8723
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Articles free to read on journal website after 12 months
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Keywords: ghrelin, prostate cancer, growth hormone secretagogue receptor
DOI: 10.1677/joe.0.172R007
ISSN: 0022-0795
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > CLINICAL SCIENCES (110300) > Endocrinology (110306)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2002 Society for Endocrinology
Deposited On: 23 Jul 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 19 May 2017 04:29

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