Exercise, Appetite Control, and Body Weight Regulation

Hopkins, Mark, Horner, Katy, & King, Neil (2015) Exercise, Appetite Control, and Body Weight Regulation. In Kanosue, Kazuyuki, Oshima, Satomi, Cao, Zhen-Bo, & Oka, Koichiro (Eds.) Physical Activity, Exercise, Sedentary Behavior and Health. Springer, Japan, pp. 123-136.

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Exercise has many health benefits and should be an effective weight loss strategy because it increases energy expenditure. However, the success of exercise in producing and sustaining weight loss is influenced by compensatory changes in energy intake and non-exercise activity, among other factors (see King et al. Obesity 15(6):1373–1383, 2007 for a detailed review). The aim of this chapter is to discuss the evidence describing the relationship between exercise and body weight regulation, with a particular focus on appetite control. Evidence is discussed which demonstrates that weight loss responses to exercise are highly variable between individuals. The mechanisms underlying the relationship between exercise, appetite and energy intake, and hence body weight are also discussed. Some people experience an increase in fasting hunger in response to 12 weeks of supervised exercise. However, this is offset by an increase in meal-related satiety in overweight and obese individuals. It is worth noting that weight loss should not be considered as the only successful outcome of an exercise program. Indeed, exercise, even in the absence of weight loss, is associated with numerous health benefits. Nevertheless, an improved understanding of compensatory responses to exercise is vital so that exercise can be more effectively used in weight management; such an understanding may assist us to devise strategies to sustain greater long-term participation in physical activity.

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ID Code: 87234
Item Type: Book Chapter
Keywords: exercise, appetite, weight management, compensatory responses
DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-55333-5_11
ISBN: 9784431553335
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 Springer Japan
Deposited On: 03 Sep 2015 23:38
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2015 16:49

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