Meta-analysis of structural imaging findings in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Valera, Eve M., Faraone, Stephen V., Murray, Kate E., & Seidman, Larry J. (2007) Meta-analysis of structural imaging findings in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 61(12), pp. 1361-1369.

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Although there are many structural neuroimaging studies of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, there are inconsistencies across studies and no consensus regarding which brain regions show the most robust area or volumetric reductions relative to control subjects. Our goal was to statistically analyze structural imaging data via a meta-analysis to help resolve these issues.


We searched the MEDLINE and PsycINFO databases through January 2005. Studies must have been written in English, used magnetic resonance imaging, and presented the means and standard deviations of regions assessed. Data were extracted by one of the authors and verified independently by another author.


Analyses were performed using STATA with metan, metabias, and metainf programs. A meta-analysis including all regions across all studies indicated global reductions for ADHD subjects compared with control subjects, standardized mean difference equal to .408, p less than .001. Regions most frequently assessed and showing the largest differences included cerebellar regions, the splenium of the corpus callosum, total and right cerebral volume, and right caudate. Several frontal regions assessed in only two studies also showed large significant differences.


This meta-analysis provides a quantitative analysis of neuroanatomical abnormalities in ADHD and information that can be used to guide future studies.

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ID Code: 87539
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: ADHD, cerebellum, corpus callosum, meta-analysis, MRI, structural imaging
DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2006.06.011
ISSN: 0006-3223
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology Psychopharmacology Physiological Psychology) (170101)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Developmental Psychology and Ageing (170102)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Deposited On: 30 Sep 2015 22:59
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2015 00:30

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