Household carbon emission research: An analytical review of measurement, influencing factors and mitigation prospects

Zhang, Xiaoling, Luo, Lizi, & Skitmore, Martin (2015) Household carbon emission research: An analytical review of measurement, influencing factors and mitigation prospects. Journal of Cleaner Production, 103, pp. 873-883.

View at publisher


Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are simultaneously exhausting the world's supply of fossil fuels and threatening the global climate. In many developing countries, significant improvement in living standards in recent years due to the accelerating development of their economies has resulted in a disproportionate increase in household energy consumption. Therefore, a major reduction in household carbon emissions (HCEs) is essential if global carbon reduction targets are to be met. To do this, major Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) states have already implemented policies to alleviate the negative environmental effects of household behaviors and less carbon-intensive technologies are also proposed to promote energy efficiency and reduce carbon emissions. However, before any further remedial actions can be contemplated, though, it is important to fully understand the actual causes of such large HCEs and help researchers both gain deep insights into the development of the research domain and identify valuable research topics for future study.

This paper reviews existing literature focusing on the domain of HCEs. This critical review provides a systematic understanding of current work in the field, describing the factors influencing HCEs under the themes of household income, household size, age, education level, location, gender and rebound effects. The main quantification methodologies of input–output models, life cycle assessment and emission coefficient methods are also presented, and the proposed measures to mitigate HCEs at the policy, technology and consumer levels. Finally, the limitations of work done to date and further research directions are identified for the benefit of future studies.

Impact and interest:

10 citations in Scopus
Search Google Scholar™
7 citations in Web of Science®

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

ID Code: 87579
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Household carbon emissions (HCEs), Influencing factors, Quantification methodologies, Measures
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.04.024
ISSN: 0959-6526
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Deposited On: 21 Sep 2015 03:26
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2015 22:22

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page