Predicting surgical outcomes for paediatric spinal deformity patients using subject specific finite element models

Little, J Paige & Adam, Clayton J (2015) Predicting surgical outcomes for paediatric spinal deformity patients using subject specific finite element models. In Freeman, Brian J. (Ed.) The Adelaide Centre for Spinal Research - Spinal Research Symposium XIII, 13-15 August 2015, Barossa Valley, Adelaide, South Australia. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a spinal deformity, which may require surgical correction by attaching rods to the patient’s spine using screws inserted into the vertebrae. Complication rates for deformity correction surgery are unacceptably high. Determining an achievable correction without overloading the adjacent spinal tissues or implants requires an understanding of the mechanical interaction between these components. Our novel patient specific modelling software creates individualized finite element models (FEM) representing the thoracolumbar spine and ribcage of scoliosis patients. We have recently applied the model to investigate the influence of increasing magnitudes of surgically applied corrective force on predicted deformity correction...

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ID Code: 87664
Item Type: Conference Item (Presentation)
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: surgical outcomes, paediatric spine deformity, spinal deformity, patient specific FE, subject specific FE, FEA, Finite element model, idiopathic scoliosis, surgical complications
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (090300) > Biomechanical Engineering (090302)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > CLINICAL SCIENCES (110300) > Orthopaedics (110314)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 please consult author[s].
Deposited On: 22 Sep 2015 23:27
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2015 05:42

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