Curriculum reform in testing and accountability contexts

Klenowski, Valentina & Carter, Merilyn Gladys (2015) Curriculum reform in testing and accountability contexts. In Wyse, Dominic, Hayward, Louise, & Pandya, Jessica (Eds.) SAGE Handbook of Curriculum, Pedagogy and Assessment. SAGE Publications Ltd., Los Angeles, pp. 790-804.

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Abstract

Recent international educational developments have important implications for the skills and understandings in curriculum and assessment that teachers develop, both in pre-service and in practice. Global developments in curriculum and assessment reform require teachers to utilise a network of knowledges and develop a repertoire of assessment skills and understandings. In a context of testing, accountability and auditing, data analysis skills are increasingly required to examine pedagogic practices for the development of intervention teaching and learning strategies to improve learning outcomes for all students (Marsh, 2009). However, too often the data are used predominantly for accountability purposes that serve at national levels as a catalyst for measurement, comparison and allocation of funding (Lingard and Sellar, 2013).

With increased accountability demands brought about by global competitiveness and programs for international measurement of educational attainment, there has also emerged an increase in the use of testing, which in some countries has become the dominant form of assessment. For example in Australia, national testing of students in Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 began in 2008 under the National Australia Program – Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN). The results from this program for each school are published on the My School website (www.myschool.edu.au), increasing the competitive nature of the testing and intensifying the demands on teachers and schools. In particular, there has been a shift in the enacted curriculum in Australia to a focus on literacy and numeracy because the curriculum is tested.

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ID Code: 87820
Item Type: Book Chapter
Keywords: curriculum, testing, accountability
ISBN: 9781446297025
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EDUCATION (130000) > CURRICULUM AND PEDAGOGY (130200) > Curriculum and Pedagogy not elsewhere classified (130299)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Cultural & Professional Learning
Current > Schools > School of Curriculum
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Education
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 SAGE Publications Ltd.
Deposited On: 27 Sep 2015 23:50
Last Modified: 16 May 2016 12:39

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