Confronting expectation in grade 4: Tossing two coins
Watson, Jane & English, Lyn D. (2015) Confronting expectation in grade 4: Tossing two coins. Jornal Internacional de Estudos em Educação Matemática [International Journal for Studies in Mathematics Education], 8(3), pp. 1-30.
This study focuses on the experiences of 91 Grade 4 students who had been introduced to expectation and variation through trials of tossing a single coin many times. They were then given two coins to toss simultaneously and asked to state their expectation of the chances for the possible outcomes, in a similar manner expressed for a single coin. This paper documents the journey of the students in discovering that generally their initial expectation for two coins was incorrect and that despite variation, a large number of tosses could confirm a new expectation.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Probability, Expectation, Variation, Mathematics Education, Elementary Studies, Coin Tossing|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EDUCATION (130000) > CURRICULUM AND PEDAGOGY (130200) > Curriculum and Pedagogy Theory and Development (130202)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EDUCATION (130000) > CURRICULUM AND PEDAGOGY (130200) > Mathematics and Numeracy Curriculum and Pedagogy (130208)
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Curriculum
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Education
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2015 The Author(s)|
|Deposited On:||29 Sep 2015 22:34|
|Last Modified:||30 Sep 2015 22:34|
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