IgE+ B cells are scarce, but allergen-specific B cells with a memory phenotype circulate in patients with allergic rhinitis

Wong, K. J., Timbrell, V., Xi, Y., Upham, J. W., Collins, A. M., & Davies, J. M. (2015) IgE+ B cells are scarce, but allergen-specific B cells with a memory phenotype circulate in patients with allergic rhinitis. Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 70(4), pp. 420-428.

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Background Despite the critical role of immunoglobulin E (IgE) in allergy, circulating IgE+ B cells are scarce. Here, we describe in patients with allergic rhinitis B cells with a memory phenotype responding to a prototypic aeroallergen. Methods Fifteen allergic rhinitis patients with grass pollen allergy and 13 control subjects were examined. Blood mononuclear cells stained with carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester (CFSE) were cultured with Bahia grass pollen. Proliferation and phenotype were assessed by multicolour flow cytometry. Results In blood of allergic rhinitis patients with high serum IgE to grass pollen, most IgEhi cells were CD123+ HLA-DR- basophils, with IgE for the major pollen allergen (Pas n 1). Both B and T cells from pollen-allergic donors showed higher proliferation to grass pollen than nonallergic donors (P = 0.002, and 0.010, respectively), whereas responses to vaccine antigens and mitogen did not differ between groups. Allergen-driven B cells that divided rapidly (CD19mid CD3- CFSElo) showed higher CD27 (P = 0.008) and lower CD19 (P = 0.004) and CD20 (P = 0.004) expression than B cells that were slow to respond to allergen (CD19hi CD3- CFSEmid). Moreover, rapidly dividing allergen-driven B cells (CD19mid CFSElo CD27hi) showed higher expression of the plasmablast marker CD38 compared with B cells (CD19hi CFSEmid CD27lo) that were slow to divide. Conclusion Patients with pollen allergy but not control donors have a population of circulating allergen-specific B cells with the phenotype and functional properties of adaptive memory B-cell responses. These cells could provide precursors for allergen-specific IgE production upon allergen re-exposure. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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ID Code: 87892
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: allergic rhinitis, B cells, grass pollen, immunoglobulin E, immunoglobulin E B cells, allergen, carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester, immunoglobulin G, pollen antigen, adult, Article, B lymphocyte, basophil, clinical article, controlled study, female, flow cytometry, human, immunoglobulin blood level, male, memory cell, Paspalum notatum, peripheral blood mononuclear cell, phenotype, priority journal
DOI: 10.1111/all.12563
ISSN: 01054538
Copyright Owner: Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Deposited On: 01 Oct 2015 02:51
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2015 22:53

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