Numerical study of LSF floors made of hollow flange channels in fire

Jatheeshan, Varathananthan & Mahendran, Mahen (2015) Numerical study of LSF floors made of hollow flange channels in fire. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 115, pp. 236-251.

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Light gauge steel frame (LSF) floor systems are generally made of lipped channel section joists and lined with gypsum plasterboards to provide adequate fire resistance rating under fire conditions. Recently a new LSF floor system made of welded hollow flange channel (HFC) section was developed and its fire performance was investigated using full scale fire tests. The new floor systems gave higher fire resistance ratings in comparison to conventional LSF floor systems. To avoid expensive and time consuming full scale fire tests, finite element analyses were also performed to simulate the fire performance of LSF floors made of HFC joists using both steady and transient state methods. This paper presents the details of the developed finite element models of HFC joists to simulate the structural fire performance of the LSF floor systems under standard fire conditions. Finite element analyses were performed using the measured time–temperature profiles of the failed joists from the fire tests, and their failure times, temperatures and modes, and deflection versus time curves were obtained. The developed finite element models successfully predicted the structural performance of LSF floors made of HFC joists under fire conditions. They were able to simulate the complex behaviour of thin cold-formed steel joists subjected to non-uniform temperature distributions, and local buckling and yielding effects. This study also confirmed the superior fire performance of the newly developed LSF floors made of HFC joists.

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ID Code: 87961
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Finite element analyses, LSF floor systems, Hollow flange channel sections, Standard fire tests, Fire resistance rating, Inelastic local buckling
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcsr.2015.08.021
ISSN: 0143-974X
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
Deposited On: 01 Oct 2015 23:59
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2015 21:49

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