Expression of high mobility group box 1 in inflamed dental pulp and its chemotactic effect on dental pulp cells
Zhang, Xufang, Jiang, Hongwei, Gong, Qimei, Fan, Chen, Huang, Yihua, & Ling, Junqi (2014) Expression of high mobility group box 1 in inflamed dental pulp and its chemotactic effect on dental pulp cells. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 450(4), pp. 1547-1552.
High mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) is a chromatin protein which can be released extracellularly, eliciting a pro-inflammatory response and promoting tissue repair process. This study aimed to examine the expression and distribution of HMGB1 and its receptor RAGE in inflamed dental pulp tissues, and to assess its effects on proliferation, migration and cytoskeleton of cultured human dental pulp cells (DPCs). Our data demonstrated that cytoplasmic expression of HMGB1 was observed in inflamed pulp tissues, while HMGB1 expression was confined in the nuclei in healthy dental pulp. The mRNA expression of HMGB1 and RAGE were significantly increased in inflamed pulps. In in vitro cultured DPCs, expression of HMGB1 in both protein and mRNA level was up-regulated after treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Exogenous HMGB1 enhanced DPCs migration in a dose-dependent manner and induced the reorganization of f-actin in DPCs. Our results suggests that HMGB1 are not only involved in the process of dental pulp inflammation, but also play an important role in the recruitment of dental pulp stem cells, promoting pulp repair and regeneration.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||High mobility group box 1; Receptor for advanced glycation end products; Dental pulp cells; Cell migration; Inflammation|
|Deposited On:||03 Nov 2015 23:58|
|Last Modified:||03 Nov 2015 23:58|
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